For many young people, grabbing an energy drink is like grabbing a cup of coffee. Whether it's learning for an upcoming exam, staying awake in the street and getting a boost of energy before a party, young people rely on energy drinks to get more out of their day. However, the consumption of energy drinks can be extremely dangerous especially for small children and adolescents.
Dangers of Energy Drinks: What they do to your body
In a recent article in the Daily Mail, the following table has been published, which details your body's reaction to completing an Energy Drink.
The first 10 minutes after completion of the can
The caffeine starts to enter your bloodstream and your heart rate and blood pressure begin to rise.
After drinking an Energy Drink, it can take between 15 and 40 minutes to feel more alert and focused.
At this point you have completely absorbed the caffeine and your body starts to react: your pupils dilate, your blood pressure rises and your liver raises blood sugar levels. This releases your pancreas insulin, which signals your body to store the excess sugar as fat.
At this time, the adenosine receptors in your brain are blocked to prevent drowsiness. Researchers in JAMA wrote that because of these effects, only a single drink increases your risk of cardiovascular disease.
1 hour later
Already one hour after drinking your body slows down. Your blood sugar crashes and the caffeine begins to wear out slowly. As a result, you feel tired and may even be dehydrated as your body has already rinsed out all the water in the drink and the few nutrients in the drink have been flushed out.
Half of the caffeine you consumed was used up. If you take birth control pills, it may take 10 hours for your body to reach the same stage.
By this time, most people have removed all of the caffeine from their bloodstream. Factors such as age, activity level, and gender can affect how long your body takes to reach this stage.
Within 12-24 hours of the first dose, your body craves for another drink and withdrawal symptoms appear. If you are used to drinking it every day, you may feel lethargic and desperate and cause you to experience headaches and constipation.
7-12 days later
It only takes one to two weeks to become caffeine tolerant. This means that your body needs more caffeine to achieve the same effects.
Why are energy drinks so bad?
This happens to your body after drinking Red Bull
Energy drinks contain not only a lot of caffeine, but also sugars and artificial sweeteners. Mixed with alcohol, the combination should have a similar stimulating effect as cocaine.
In a study published in the British Medical Journal, the researchers warned that energy drinks damage the liver so severely that they can even cause acute hepatitis. Hepatitis can cause liver disease, liver failure and necrosis.
"A previously healthy man, 50, suffered from malaise, anorexia, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, generalized jaundice, sclera icterus, and dark urine. He did not take any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, but said he drank 4 to 5 energy drinks daily for three weeks before the presentation, "Dr. Jennifer Nicole Harb in the study summary.
The researchers concluded that these effects are mainly due to vitamin B3, which is added to the drinks to help your body convert the drink into energy. Other ingredients such as high fructose syrup and added sweeteners also damage the organ.
In addition, too much niacin can cause burning, tingling, itching and redness of the face, arms and chest.
Energy Drinks "Increase the risk of stroke by 500%"
One energy drink per day can lead to cardiac arrhythmias that increase the risk of stroke by five times.
Trudie Lobban, founder and CEO of Arrhythmia Alliance, said: "You do not necessarily have to have a defective heart to suffer from arrhythmia, and stimulants containing caffeine can trigger them." "Six or seven coffees a day could do that, but these energy drinks carry a very high risk."
Children are at risk
This makes drinks incredibly dangerous for children. In one case, a 14-year-old girl from Maryland died after drinking two 24-ounce cans. Other cases related to energy drink disorders and deaths are currently being investigated by the FDA. It is estimated that the number of people hospitalized due to energy drinks in the US from 2007 to 2014 has doubled.
According to Macleans, researchers at the Mayo Clinic warn that a single 473 ml can "can significantly increase blood pressure and increase the level of stress hormones". These effects are exacerbated when the drink is mixed with alcohol.
The team examined 25 young healthy volunteers without medical problems and found that participants who consumed energy drinks and drank Rockstar had a 3.5-point increase in their blood pressure and a higher level of the stress hormone norepinephrine compared to the placebo group ,
"We believe consumers should be more cautious about consuming energy drinks because of potential health risks," says Dr. Anna Svatikova, lead author of the Mayo Clinic study.