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Cissus Quadranglularis: A plant native to south Asia but now found worldwide; it has been used in Ayurvedic medicine throughout history. Studies show reduced pain/increased muscle relaxation with use, and preliminary studies show potential for increased bone healing rate
Curcumin: Turmeric is a common plant of ginger family found throughout southern Asia. Curcumin is the active component in turmeric, and exhibits strong systemic anti-inflammatory action that has shown efficacy in soft tissue & bone trauma, brain trauma, chronic diseases of cognition, and inflammatory bowel disorders
Boswellia Serrata: A species of tree that is commonly known to produce the fragrant resin frankincense. Boswellia, like Turmeric, is also highly anti-inflammatory, due to the specific boswellic acid AKBA.
PIPERINE (BIOPERINE): an extract from black pepper, piperine can increase the bioavailability of co-ingested nutrients through inhibition of cytochrome p450, p-glycoprotein, and reducing hepatic glucuronidation.